SERCA inhibition limits the functional effects of cyclic GMP in both control and hypertrophic cardiac myocytes

Qihang Zhang, Tomer Davidov, Harvey R. Weiss, Peter M. Scholz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The negative functional effects of cyclic GMP are controlled by the sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium-ATPase (SERCA). The effects of cyclic GMP are blunted in cardiac hypertrophy. We tested the hypothesis that the interaction between cyclic GMP and SERCA would be reduced in hypertrophic cardiac myocytes. Myocytes were isolated from 7 control and 7 renal-hypertensive hypertrophic rabbits. Control and hypertrophic myocytes received 8-bromo-cGMP (8-Br-cGMP; 10-7, 10-6, 10-5 mol/l), the SERCA blocker thapsigargin (10-8 mol/l) followed by 8-Br-cGMP, or the SERCA blocker, cyclopiazonic acid (CPA; 10-7 mol/l) followed by 8-Br-cGMP. Percent shortening and maximal rate of shortening and relaxation were recorded using a video edge detector. Changes in cytosolic Ca2+ were assessed in fura 2-loaded myocytes. In controls, 8-Br-cGMP caused a significant 36% decrease in percent shortening from 5.8 ± 0.4 to 3.7 ± 0.3%. Thapsigargin and CPA did not affect basal control or hypertrophic myocyte function. When 8-Br-cGMP was given following thapsigargin or CPA, the negative effects of 8-Br-cGMP on control myocyte function were reduced. In hypertrophic myocytes, 8-Br-cGMP caused a smaller but significant 17% decrease in percent shortening from 4.7 ± 0.2 to 3.9 ± 0.1%. When 8-Br-cGMP was given following thapsigargin or CPA, no significant changes occurred in hypertrophic cell function. Intracellular Ca2+ transients responded in a similar manner to changes in cell function in control and hypertrophic myocytes. These results show that the effects of cyclic GMP were reduced in hypertrophic myocytes, but this was not related to SERCA. In presence of SERCA inhibitors, the responses to cyclic GMP were blunted in hypertrophic as well as control myocytes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)223-230
Number of pages8
JournalPharmacology
Volume83
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology

Keywords

  • Calcium transients
  • Cardiac myocytes
  • Cyclic GMP
  • Cyclopiazonic acid
  • Myocyte function
  • Thapsigargin

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