Shergottite Northwest Africa 6963: A Pyroxene-Cumulate Martian Gabbro

Justin Filiberto, Juliane Gross, Arya Udry, Jarek Trela, Axel Wittmann, Kevin M. Cannon, Sarah Penniston-Dorland, Richard Ash, Victoria E. Hamilton, Andrea L. Meado, Paul Carpenter, Brad Jolliff, Eric C. Ferré

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20 Scopus citations


Northwest Africa (NWA) 6963 was found in Guelmim-Es-Semara, Morocco, and based on its bulk chemistry and oxygen isotopes, it was classified as a Martian meteorite. On the basis of a preliminary study of the textures and crystal sizes, it was resubclassified as a gabbroic shergottite because of the similarity with terrestrial and lunar gabbros. However, the previous work was not a quantitative investigation of NWA 6963; to supplement the original resubclassification and enable full comparison between this and other Martian samples; here we investigate the mineralogy, petrology, geochemistry, quantitative textural analyses, and spectral properties of gabbroic shergottite NWA 6963 to constrain its petrogenesis, including the depth of emplacement (i.e., base of a flow versus crustal intrusion). NWA 6963 is an enriched shergottite with similar mineralogy to the basaltic shergottites but importantly does not contain any fine-grained mesostasis. Consistent with the mineralogy, the reflectance (visible/near-infrared and thermal infrared) spectrum of powdered NWA 6963 is similar to other shergottites because they are all dominated by pyroxene, but its reflectance is distinct in terms of albedo and spectral contrast due to its gabbroic texture. NWA 6963 represents a partial cumulate gabbro that is associated with the basaltic shergottites. Therefore, NWA 6963 could represent a hypabyssal intrusive feeder dike system for the basaltic shergottites that erupted on the surface.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1823-1841
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Planets
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science


  • Geochemistry
  • Martian meteorite
  • NWA6963
  • Petrology
  • Spectroscopy
  • shergottite


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