Background: In this era of precision medicine, the DNA damage response (DDR) pathway has been shown to be a viable target of intervention in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) as approximately one-third of CRPC patients harbor DDR pathway mutations. To determine whether DDR pathway is a potential therapeutic target in localized disease, we analyzed The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) in the present study. Methods: TCGA is a publically available cancer genome database that is sponsored by the United States National Cancer Institute. Total of 455 cases were available in the database at the time of this analysis. Results: DDR pathway gene mutations or copy number alterations were present in 136 (29.9%) of the 455 cases. On a univariate analysis, DDR pathway status did not correlate with serum prostate specific antigen, tumor stage or grade. However, among patients with high-risk features post-operatively (pathologic stage ≥ T3, Gleason score ≥ 8, or PSA > 20 ng/ml), DDR pathway alteration was associated with a lower overall survival (p = 0.0291). Conclusions: Collectively these results suggest that DDR pathway alterations may also be significant in localized prostate cancer and agents such as PARP inhibitors should be considered in patients with a high-risk disease.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Reproductive Medicine