Social Support, Acculturation, and Optimism: Understanding Positive Health Practices in Asian American College Students

Cynthia G. Ayres, Ganga Mahat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study developed and tested a theory to better understand positive health practices (PHP) among Asian Americans aged 18 to 21 years. It tested theoretical relationships postulated between PHP and (a) social support (SS), (b) optimism, and (c) acculturation, and between SS and optimism and acculturation. Optimism and acculturation were also tested as possible mediators in the relationship between SS and PHP. A correlational study design was used. A convenience sample of 163 Asian college students in an urban setting completed four questionnaires assessing SS, PHP, optimism, and acculturation and one demographic questionnaire. There were statistically significant positive relationships between SS and optimism with PHP, between acculturation and PHP, and between optimism and SS. Optimism mediated the relationship between SS and PHP, whereas acculturation did not. Findings extend knowledge regarding these relationships to a defined population of Asian Americans aged 18 to 21 years. Findings contribute to a more comprehensive knowledge base regarding health practices among Asian Americans. The theoretical and empirical findings of this study provide the direction for future research as well. Further studies need to be conducted to identify and test other mediators in order to better understand the relationship between these two variables.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)270-278
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Transcultural Nursing
Volume23
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Nursing

Keywords

  • Asian Americans
  • college students
  • correlational design
  • health promotion
  • transcultural health

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Social Support, Acculturation, and Optimism: Understanding Positive Health Practices in Asian American College Students'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this