Some Undesirable Effects of Noncontingent Reinforcement

Brian A. Iwata, Sung Woo Kahng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Noncontingent reinforcement (NCR) has been an effective treatment for a wide range of problem behaviors. Nevertheless, NCR may produce some undesirable effects when attempting to suppress responding initially, maintain treatment gains, or strengthen alternative behaviors. Specific sources of difficulty and potential solutions are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)47-50
Number of pages4
JournalEuropean Journal of Behavior Analysis
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jun 1 2005
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education
  • Psychology(all)


  • Noncontingent reinforcement
  • differential reinforcement
  • extinction


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