Specificity of antisera prepared against pure bovine MAO-B

John E. Pintar, Pat Levitt, james I. Salach, Walter Weyler, Michael B. Rosenberg, Xandra O. Breakefield

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2 Scopus citations


Antisera have been prepared against purified bovine MAO-B that appear to react selectively with MAO-B and not MAO-A. Rabbit and mouse antisera indirectly immune precipitated [125I]bovine MAO-B using inactivated Staphylococcus aureus cells, and binding of antibodies to bovine and rat MAO-B did not inhibit enzyme activity. Two continuous rat cell lines, hepatoma line MH1C1 and glioma line C6, were used to elucidate the specificity of the antisera. MH1C1 cells, which express both MAO-A and MAO-B, showed immune-specific staining with rabbit antiserum, and staining was blocked with pure MAO-B. Further, MAO-B activity and [3H]pargyline-labeled MAO molecules could be immune precipitated from solubilized mitochondrial preparations of MH1C1 cells; and immune fixation of mitochondrial proteins following SDS polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) revealed staining of the MAO-B, but not of the MAO-A, flavin-containing subunit. In contrast, no immune-specific immunocytochemical staining was observed in C6 cells, which have only MAO-A activity; no MAO-A activity or [3H]pargyline-labeled MAO could be immune precipitated from solubilized mitochondrial preparations of these cells, and no stained bands were observed for mitochondrial proteins resolved by SDS-PAGE and processed for immune fixation. Further support for the selectivity of this antiserum for MAO-B comes from immunocytochemical staining of rat tissues which express varying amounts of MAO-A and MAo-B activities. Hypothalamus and liver, with high levels of MAO-A and MAO-B activities showed a large number of immunoreactive cells, whereas spleen, heart and superior cervical ganglia, with high MAO-A and low MAO-B activities showed only a few or no stained cells. Catecholamine neurons in the substantia nigra, thought to contain MAO-A, did not show immune-specific staining. Skeletal muscle cells with low MAO-A and MAO-B activities did not stain. These studies provide additional evidence that MAO-A and MAO-B are distinct molecules, differentially expressed in different cell types.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)127-139
Number of pages13
JournalBrain research
Issue number1
StatePublished - Oct 3 1983
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology


  • antibodies
  • immune fixation
  • immunocytochemistry
  • monoamine oxidase
  • radioimmunoassay
  • rat tissues


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