Poly(methyl methacrylate) polymer nanocomposites were prepared by in situ bulk free radical polymerization. To ensure high-quality dispersion of the oxide nanoparticles, some composites were prepared from nanoparticles predispersed in propylene glycol methyl ether acetate (PGMEA). The degree to which this additional dispersing medium interacted with the aluminum oxide nanoparticle was studied by attenuated total reflectance (ATR-FTIR), which confirmed secondary bonding and ionic interaction across the particle/dispersing medium interface. Additionally, the effect of the dispersing medium and the nanoparticles on the degree of monomer conversion was determined by Raman spectroscopy. In the presence of oxide nanoparticles alone, the active surface of the nanoparticles traps propagating radicals which significantly reduces monomer conversion. Conversely, the degree of monomer conversion is enhanced in composites containing predispersing nanoparticles, apparently by passivation/ functionalization of the oxide surface by the PGMEA.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering