In metals in the vicinity of a polar transition, interactions between electrons and soft phonon modes remain to be determined. Here we explore the consequences of spin-orbit assisted electron-phonon coupling on the collective modes of such nearly polar metals in the presence of magnetic field. We find that the soft polar phonon hybridizes with spin-flip electronic excitations of the Zeeman-split bands leading to an anticrossing. The associated energy splitting allows for an unambiguous determination of the strength of the spin-orbit mediated coupling to soft modes in polar metals by spectroscopic experiments. The approach to the polar transition is reflected by the softening of the effective g factor of the hybridized spin-flip mode. Analyzing the static limit, we find that the polar order parameter can be oriented by magnetic field. This provides possibilities for alternative switching protocols in polar metallic materials. We demonstrate that the effects we predict can be observed with current experimental techniques and discuss promising material candidates.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics