Spontaneous regression of Friend virus-induced erythroleukemia. III. The role of macrophages in regression

J. Marcelletti, P. Furmanski

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41 Scopus citations


The spontaneous regression of erythroleukemia induced by the RFV strain of Friend virus is a macrophage-dependent process. Functional suppression or elimination of the macrophage population in leukemic mice with silica, carrageenan, anti-macrophage serum, or trypan blue inhibited regression. Prior protection of the macrophages with PVNO allowed regression in silica or carrageenan-treated mice. Macrophage phagocytic activity was inhibited in about half the RFV-induced leukemic mice at 25 to 30 days post virus inoculation. Those animals with normal macrophages regressed, whereas those with inhibited macrophages did not. Progressor mice could be induced to regress by inoculation with normal syngeneic macrophages; other cell types were ineffective. The inhibition of macrophage function in leukemic mice was the result of infection of the macrophages by virus. Removal of the infected cells by cytolysis with anti-virus antiserum and C restored the phagocytic activity of the population. Inhibited macrophages were less capable of responding to immobilized antigen-antibody complexes than normal macrophages, suggesting that the loss of function was due to a change in their Fc receptor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Immunology
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1978
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology


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