Stents for the gastrointestinal tract and nutritional implications

Michelle Loch, Michel Kahaleh

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Endoscopic stenting of many sites along the gastrointestinal tract is used successfully for palliation of malignant or benign obstructions. These obstructions may be the result of primary gastrointestinal tumors invading the lumen, tumors of another primary site causing external compression or in some instance benign diseases secondary to various inflammatory processes. Stenting of the gastrointestinal tract has been commonly performed either by interventional radiologists with the use of fluoroscopy, or by gastroenterologists endoscopically, with or without fluoroscopic guidance. Their efficacy can be measured by resolution of obstruction or symptom improvement. The current literature shows that endoscopic stenting have acceptable success and complication rates and might be considered as first-line therapy in centers offering expertise in interventional endoscopy. The techniques, efficacy and complication of stenting will be discussed. Nutritional guidelines will also be provided based on our institutions practice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)48-57
Number of pages10
JournalPractical Gastroenterology
Volume31
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2007
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Gastroenterology

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