Stoichiometry based steady-state hepatic flux analysis: Computational and experimental aspects

Mehmet A. Orman, John Mattick, Ioannis P. Androulakis, Francois Berthiaume, Marianthi G. Ierapetritou

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The liver has many complex physiological functions, including lipid, protein and carbohydrate metabolism, as well as bile and urea production. It detoxifies toxic substances and medicinal products. It also plays a key role in the onset and maintenance of abnormal metabolic patterns associated with various disease states, such as burns, infections and major traumas. Liver cells have been commonly used in in vitro experiments to elucidate the toxic effects of drugs and metabolic changes caused by aberrant metabolic conditions, and to improve the functions of existing systems, such as bioartificial liver. More recently, isolated liver perfusion systems have been increasingly used to characterize intrinsic metabolic changes in the liver caused by various perturbations, including systemic injury, hepatotoxin exposure and warm ischemia. Metabolic engineering tools have been widely applied to these systems to identify metabolic flux distributions using metabolic flux analysis or flux balance analysis and to characterize the topology of the networks using metabolic pathway analysis. In this context, hepatic metabolic models, together with experimental methodologies where hepatocytes or perfused livers are mainly investigated, are described in detail in this review. The challenges and opportunities are also discussed extensively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)268-291
Number of pages24
JournalMetabolites
Volume2
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 14 2012

Fingerprint

Stoichiometry
Liver
Fluxes
Poisons
Metabolic Flux Analysis
Artificial Liver
Metabolic engineering
Metabolic Engineering
Warm Ischemia
Wounds and Injuries
Carbohydrate Metabolism
Metabolic Networks and Pathways
Burns
Lipid Metabolism
Bile
Urea
Hepatocytes
Perfusion
Maintenance
Topology

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

Keywords

  • Flux balance analysis
  • Hepatocytes
  • Metabolic flux analysis
  • Metabolic pathway analysis
  • Perfused livers

Cite this

Orman, Mehmet A. ; Mattick, John ; Androulakis, Ioannis P. ; Berthiaume, Francois ; Ierapetritou, Marianthi G. / Stoichiometry based steady-state hepatic flux analysis : Computational and experimental aspects. In: Metabolites. 2012 ; Vol. 2, No. 1. pp. 268-291.
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Stoichiometry based steady-state hepatic flux analysis : Computational and experimental aspects. / Orman, Mehmet A.; Mattick, John; Androulakis, Ioannis P.; Berthiaume, Francois; Ierapetritou, Marianthi G.

In: Metabolites, Vol. 2, No. 1, 14.03.2012, p. 268-291.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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T1 - Stoichiometry based steady-state hepatic flux analysis

T2 - Computational and experimental aspects

AU - Orman, Mehmet A.

AU - Mattick, John

AU - Androulakis, Ioannis P.

AU - Berthiaume, Francois

AU - Ierapetritou, Marianthi G.

PY - 2012/3/14

Y1 - 2012/3/14

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