Structural and Chemical Approach toward Understanding the Aqueous Corrosion of Sodium Aluminoborate Glasses

Saurabh Kapoor, Randall E. Youngman, Kiryl Zakharchuk, Aleksey Yaremchenko, Nicholas J. Smith, Ashutosh Goel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Despite an ongoing strenuous effort to understand the compositional and structural drivers controlling the chemical durability of oxide glasses, there is still no complete consensus on the basic mechanism of glass dissolution that applies to a wide composition space. One major reason for this problem is the structural complexity contained within the multicomponent silicate glasses chosen for glass corrosion studies. The nonsilicate network polyhedra present in these glasses interact with one another, often in unpredictable ways, by forming a variety of structural associations, for example, Al [IV] -B [III] and B [III] -B [IV] , resulting in significant influence on both the structure of the glass network and related macroscopic properties. Likewise, the formation of a variety of next-neighbor linkages, as well as increasingly complex interactions involving Si and differently coordinated next-nearest neighbor cations, is very difficult to decipher experimentally. Consideration of these factors motivates instead a different strategy: that is, the study of a sequence of SiO 2 - free ternary or quaternary glass compositions, whose structures can be unambiguously determined and robustly linked to their corrosion properties. With this aim, the present study is focused on understanding the structural drivers governing the kinetics and mechanism of corrosion of ternary Na 2 O-Al 2 O 3 -B 2 O 3 glasses (in water) over a broad composition space comprising compositions with distinct structural features. It has been shown that the addition of Al 2 O 3 to binary sodium borate glasses decreases their corrosion rate in water and converts their dissolution behavior from congruent to incongruent leading to the formation of six-coordinated alumina, and higher concentration of four-coordinated boron (in comparison to pre-dissolution glasses) in post-dissolution glass samples. The drivers controlling the corrosion kinetics and mechanism in these glasses based on their underlying structure have been elucidated. Some open questions have been proposed which require an extensive analysis of surface chemistry of pre- and post-dissolution samples and will be investigated in our future work.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10913-10927
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Issue number48
StatePublished - Dec 6 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


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