Structural and electrochemical investigation of NA+ insertion into high-voltage spinel electrodes

J. R. Kim, Glenn Amatucci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


The emerging interest in Na+-ion batteries should increase the relative importance of higher voltage positive electrodes as a response to the lower voltage imparted by the Na/Na+ redox reaction relative to that of Li/Li+. The 4.7 V LiMn1.5Ni0.5O4 spinel is already an attractive candidate for high-voltage lithium-ion positive electrodes, and its host structure, -Mn0.75Ni0.25O2, could be of even greater importance for Na batteries. The electrochemical and structural characteristics of higher-voltage NaxMn1.5Ni0.5O4 relative to NaxMn2O4 during ion insertion are investigated for the first time. High-resolution electrochemistry, coupled with in situ and ex situ X-ray diffraction, is utilized to provide initial insights into the mechanism of Na+ insertion. Distinct electrochemical challenges brought forth by Na+ ion insertion into the spinel structure are also discussed in detail.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2546-2556
Number of pages11
JournalChemistry of Materials
Issue number7
StatePublished - Apr 14 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Chemistry

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