Structural and magnetic properties of gold and silica doubly coated γ-Fe2O3 nanoparticles

Keeseong Park, Gan Liang, Xiaojun Ji, Zhi Ping Luo, Chun Li, Mark C. Croft, John T. Marker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations


Extensive structural and magnetic characterization measurements were carried out on gold and silica doubly coated γ-Fe2O3 nanoparticles, which were recently demonstrated to have an efficient photothermal effect and high transverse relaxivities for MRI applications. Powder X-ray diffraction and X-ray absorption spectroscopy show the phase of the uncoated and coated nanoparticles to be that of the γ-Fe 2O3 structure. The sizes, structure, and chemical compositions of the nanoparticles were determined by transmission electron microscopy. The magnetization results indicate that coating of the iron oxide nanoparticles by gold/silica decreases the blocking temperature from 160 to 80 K. Such a decrease can be well-explained by spin disorder, causing reduction of the effective volume of the γ-Fe2O3 core. Moreover, it was found that in the temperature (T) range between 100 K and room temperature, the gold/silica coating can cause a slight magnetic change in the γ-Fe2O3 cores from superparamagnetic to almost superparamagnetic. Finally, it was found that the coercivity for both the uncoated and the coated nanoparticles decreases almost linearly with T 1/2 with the former decreasing faster than the latter, and this coercivity result confirms that the blocking temperature is decreased by gold/silica coating. These results are valuable for evaluating the future applications of this class of multifunctional, hybrid magnetic nanoparticles in biomedicine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)18512-18519
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Issue number50
StatePublished - Dec 20 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Energy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


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