Structures and phases of superconducting alkali-metal doped C60

K. M. Rabe, J. C. Phillips, J. M. Vandenberg

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10 Scopus citations


A simple model for the energetics of solid doped AxC60 is sufficient to understand the evolution of structures for 0≤x≤6. The contributions found to be most important are hard-sphere packing constraints, the van der Waals energy, the Madelung energy, and geometric relationships between the atomic arrangements on the surface of the icosahedron and neighboring C60 molecules and dopants. At x=3 the A15 structure is energetically competitive, despite its larger atomic volume, and is favored for higher values of x since it has more sites available for dopants. Analysis of the available experimental data and the well-known near instability of the A15 structure suggest that the superconductivity in KxC60 for x near 3 is influenced by a connected but poorly ordered metastable matrix with the A15 structure, which may be difficult to detect using conventional crystallographic techniques. The present model explains the large jump in Meissner volume at x=3, the negative sign and large magnitude of dTc/dp, and the Raman spectrum at x=3. Similarities with structures of other exotic materials also follow from the model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13067-13069
Number of pages3
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number19
StatePublished - 1993

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics


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