In the United States, juvenile neuronal ceroid-lipofuscinosis (JNCL) is the most common form of NCL. This study analyzed 191 cases, diagnosed on the basis of age-at-onset, clinical symptomatology, and pathologic findings. Twenty percent (40/191) of these cases from 24/120 families manifested atypical clinical symptomatology and/or pathologic findings (typical revealed fingerprints and atypical revealed mixed inclusions, or only curvilinear or granular profiles) and, therefore, represent variant forms of JNCL. Those patients in the study with typical JNCL were a uniform group of cases, whereas the atypical were heterogenous and were divided into 8 subgroups based on the clinicopathologic findings. Forty-three families were analyzed (27 typical, 16 atypical) for the common 1.02 kb deletion and several pedigrees for novel mutations. In typical JNCL the common 1.02 kb deletion in both alleles (homozygous) were observed in 23/27, and only 1 allele (heterozygons) was exhibited in 4/27 families. In atypical JNCL families, 5/16 were heterozygous for the common 1.02 kb deletion. None of the remaining 11/16 families had the common 1.02 kb deletion in either allele, but in 9/11 cases the palmitoyl-protein thioesterase (PPT) levels were deficient. In cases where the mutation in CLN3 gene has not been identified, several possibilities may exist. The phenotype may be caused by a yet undefined mutation in CLN3 or may be due to overlapping with other forms of NCL.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Developmental Neuroscience
- Clinical Neurology