Successful management of Halyomorpha halys (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) in commercial apple orchards with an attract-and-kill strategy

William R. Morrison, Brett R. Blaauw, Brent D. Short, Anne L. Nielsen, James C. Bergh, Greg Krawczyk, Yong Lak Park, Bryan Butler, Ashot Khrimian, Tracy C. Leskey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Introduction of Halyomorpha halys (Stål) in the USA has disrupted many established integrated pest management programs for specialty crops, especially apple. While current management heavily relies on insecticides, one potential alternative tactic is attract-and-kill (AK), whereby large numbers of H. halys are attracted to and retained in a circumscribed area using attractive semiochemicals and removed from the foraging population with an insecticide. The goal of this study was to evaluate if AK implementation in commercial apple orchards can result in levels of H. halys damage that are equal to or less than those from grower standard management programs. RESULTS: Over 2 years at farms in five Mid-Atlantic USA states, we found that the use of AK resulted in 2–7 times less damage compared with grower standard plots, depending on year and period. At selected trees on which AK was implemented, over 10,000 H. halys individuals were killed in two growing seasons, and the use of AK reduced the crop area treated with insecticide against H. halys by 97%. Using AK had no impact on the natural enemy or secondary pest community over the same period. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, the use of AK was effective at managing low to moderate H. halys populations in apple orchards, but must be optimized to increase economic feasibility for grower adoption.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)104-114
Number of pages11
JournalPest management science
Volume75
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2019

Fingerprint

Halyomorpha halys
Pentatomidae
Hemiptera
orchards
apples
growers
insecticides
specialty crops
economic feasibility
semiochemicals
integrated pest management
natural enemies
growing season
pests
foraging
farms
crops

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Insect Science

Keywords

  • behaviorally-based management
  • brown marmorated stink bug
  • integrated pest management
  • pheromones
  • semiochemicals

Cite this

Morrison, William R. ; Blaauw, Brett R. ; Short, Brent D. ; Nielsen, Anne L. ; Bergh, James C. ; Krawczyk, Greg ; Park, Yong Lak ; Butler, Bryan ; Khrimian, Ashot ; Leskey, Tracy C. / Successful management of Halyomorpha halys (Hemiptera : Pentatomidae) in commercial apple orchards with an attract-and-kill strategy. In: Pest management science. 2019 ; Vol. 75, No. 1. pp. 104-114.
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abstract = "BACKGROUND: Introduction of Halyomorpha halys (St{\aa}l) in the USA has disrupted many established integrated pest management programs for specialty crops, especially apple. While current management heavily relies on insecticides, one potential alternative tactic is attract-and-kill (AK), whereby large numbers of H. halys are attracted to and retained in a circumscribed area using attractive semiochemicals and removed from the foraging population with an insecticide. The goal of this study was to evaluate if AK implementation in commercial apple orchards can result in levels of H. halys damage that are equal to or less than those from grower standard management programs. RESULTS: Over 2 years at farms in five Mid-Atlantic USA states, we found that the use of AK resulted in 2–7 times less damage compared with grower standard plots, depending on year and period. At selected trees on which AK was implemented, over 10,000 H. halys individuals were killed in two growing seasons, and the use of AK reduced the crop area treated with insecticide against H. halys by 97{\%}. Using AK had no impact on the natural enemy or secondary pest community over the same period. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, the use of AK was effective at managing low to moderate H. halys populations in apple orchards, but must be optimized to increase economic feasibility for grower adoption.",
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Morrison, WR, Blaauw, BR, Short, BD, Nielsen, AL, Bergh, JC, Krawczyk, G, Park, YL, Butler, B, Khrimian, A & Leskey, TC 2019, 'Successful management of Halyomorpha halys (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) in commercial apple orchards with an attract-and-kill strategy', Pest management science, vol. 75, no. 1, pp. 104-114. https://doi.org/10.1002/ps.5156

Successful management of Halyomorpha halys (Hemiptera : Pentatomidae) in commercial apple orchards with an attract-and-kill strategy. / Morrison, William R.; Blaauw, Brett R.; Short, Brent D.; Nielsen, Anne L.; Bergh, James C.; Krawczyk, Greg; Park, Yong Lak; Butler, Bryan; Khrimian, Ashot; Leskey, Tracy C.

In: Pest management science, Vol. 75, No. 1, 01.2019, p. 104-114.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Successful management of Halyomorpha halys (Hemiptera

T2 - Pentatomidae) in commercial apple orchards with an attract-and-kill strategy

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AU - Short, Brent D.

AU - Nielsen, Anne L.

AU - Bergh, James C.

AU - Krawczyk, Greg

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AU - Butler, Bryan

AU - Khrimian, Ashot

AU - Leskey, Tracy C.

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N2 - BACKGROUND: Introduction of Halyomorpha halys (Stål) in the USA has disrupted many established integrated pest management programs for specialty crops, especially apple. While current management heavily relies on insecticides, one potential alternative tactic is attract-and-kill (AK), whereby large numbers of H. halys are attracted to and retained in a circumscribed area using attractive semiochemicals and removed from the foraging population with an insecticide. The goal of this study was to evaluate if AK implementation in commercial apple orchards can result in levels of H. halys damage that are equal to or less than those from grower standard management programs. RESULTS: Over 2 years at farms in five Mid-Atlantic USA states, we found that the use of AK resulted in 2–7 times less damage compared with grower standard plots, depending on year and period. At selected trees on which AK was implemented, over 10,000 H. halys individuals were killed in two growing seasons, and the use of AK reduced the crop area treated with insecticide against H. halys by 97%. Using AK had no impact on the natural enemy or secondary pest community over the same period. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, the use of AK was effective at managing low to moderate H. halys populations in apple orchards, but must be optimized to increase economic feasibility for grower adoption.

AB - BACKGROUND: Introduction of Halyomorpha halys (Stål) in the USA has disrupted many established integrated pest management programs for specialty crops, especially apple. While current management heavily relies on insecticides, one potential alternative tactic is attract-and-kill (AK), whereby large numbers of H. halys are attracted to and retained in a circumscribed area using attractive semiochemicals and removed from the foraging population with an insecticide. The goal of this study was to evaluate if AK implementation in commercial apple orchards can result in levels of H. halys damage that are equal to or less than those from grower standard management programs. RESULTS: Over 2 years at farms in five Mid-Atlantic USA states, we found that the use of AK resulted in 2–7 times less damage compared with grower standard plots, depending on year and period. At selected trees on which AK was implemented, over 10,000 H. halys individuals were killed in two growing seasons, and the use of AK reduced the crop area treated with insecticide against H. halys by 97%. Using AK had no impact on the natural enemy or secondary pest community over the same period. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, the use of AK was effective at managing low to moderate H. halys populations in apple orchards, but must be optimized to increase economic feasibility for grower adoption.

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KW - pheromones

KW - semiochemicals

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