Supported employment and education in comprehensive, integrated care for first episode psychosis: Effects on work, school, and disability income

Robert Rosenheck, Kim T. Mueser, Kyaw Sint, Haiqun Lin, David W. Lynde, Shirley M. Glynn, Delbert G. Robinson, Nina R. Schooler, Patricia Marcy, Somaia Mohamed, John M. Kane

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Background Participation in work and school are central objectives for first episode psychosis (FEP) programs, but evidence effectiveness has been mixed in studies not focused exclusively on supported employment and education (SEE). Requirements for current motivation to work or go to school limit the generalizability of such studies. Methods FEP participants (N = 404) at thirty-four community treatment clinics participated in a cluster randomized trial that compared usual Community Care (CC) to NAVIGATE, a comprehensive, team-based treatment program that included ≥ 5 h of SEE services per week, grounded in many of the principles of the Individual Placement and Support model of supported employment combined with supported education services. All study participants were offered SEE regardless of their initial interest in work or school. Monthly assessments over 24 months recorded days of employment and attendance at school, days of participation in SEE, and both employment and public support income (including disability income). General Estimation Equation models were used to compare CC and NAVIGATE on work and school participation, employment and public support income, and the mediating effect of receiving ≥ 3 SEE visits on these outcomes. Results NAVIGATE treatment was associated with a greater increase in participation in work or school (p = 0.0486) and this difference appeared to be mediated by SEE. No group differences were observed in earnings or public support payments. Conclusion A comprehensive, team-based FEP treatment approach was associated with greater improvement in work or school participation, and this effect appears to be mediated, in part, by participation in SEE.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)120-128
Number of pages9
JournalSchizophrenia Research
StatePublished - Apr 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry


  • First episode psychosis treatment
  • Schizophrenia
  • Supported employment and education


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