Suppression was investigated psychophysically in three human observers by measuring their loss of sensitivity to brief (20 ms) simultaneous vertical displacement (up to 0.5°) of horizontal lines during 4° convergence eye movements. A two-alternative forced choice procedure was used in which the stimulus was presented either in the first or second portion of a trial. The amplitude of the displacement pulse, the time of the pulse relative to convergence onset, and the portion of a trial in which the stimulus was presented were randomized. The results showed that suppression began about 200 ms before, and continued until 350 ms after, convergence onset with maximum loss occurring at 25 to 125 ms after convergence onset. The maximum sensitivity loss was about 0.25 to 0.30 log units. Since peripheral factors were minimized by the use of a brief stimulus presentation and an eccentrically placed surround, the suppression found was primarily attributed to central neural mechanisms. Finally, the suppression of sensitivity to pulse displacement during the initial phase of the vergence movement is consistent with a recently developed dual-mode model of the vergence system, in which the initial transient portion of a step response is preprogrammed whereas the final sustained portion is maintained by continuous feedback control.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - Sep 1989|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Developmental Neuroscience