When a device is implanted into the body, into either hard or soft tissue, the body will respond. While the bulk material of the device is often important for integrity and mechanical success, the device surface is at the interface with biology. Major effort has been spent modifying a biomaterial surface in order to elicit or inhibit a biological response. Metallic biodegradable Magnesium-Calcium (Mg-Ca) alloys have attracted an increased attention for orthopedic fixation applications. This research focuses on low plasticity burnishing (LPB) as a novel surface modification technique that is added to the surface to control biodegradation as a biological response. The effects of burnishing pressure as an important process parameter on surface integrity characteristics such as surface roughness, surface topography, and residual stresses are investigated. Burnished surface roughness is smaller than the machined ones. However, some amount of waviness is observed which might be due to large diameter of the burnishing ball and sever plastic deformation. High compressive residual stresses are measured on the burnished surface.