Sympathetic augmentation of cardiac function in developing hypertension in conscious dogs

R. J. Gelpi, L. Hittinger, A. M. Fujii, V. M. Crocker, I. Mirsky, S. F. Vatner

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Abstract

To determine the alterations in left ventricular (LV) function and the mechanisms involved that occur during the development of perinephritic hypertension, dogs were instrumented with a miniature LV pressure transducer, aortic and left atrial catheters, and ultrasonic crystals to measure LV diameter in the short and long axes and wall thickness. At 2 wk after initiation of perinephritic hypertension, increases (P < 0.05) were observed in LV systolic pressure, LV end-diastolic pressure, both short- and long-axis end-diastolic diameters, calculated LV end-diastolic volume, stroke volume, global average LV systolic wall stress, first derivative of LV pressure (LV dP/dt), and ejection fraction, whereas mean velocity of circumferential fiber shortening (V(cf)) and rate of change of VL short-axis diameter (LV dD/dt) rose but not significantly. At three levels of matched preload and afterload induced by the administration of graded doses of phenylephrine, V(cf), LV dD/dt, and LV dP/dt increased in hypertension compared with the same levels of preload and afterload before hypertension. When the loading conditions in the normotensive and hypertensive dogs were matched, either after ganglionic blockade or β-adrenergic blockade, both isovolumic and ejection-phase indexes of LV function remained similar before and after hypertension. Thus we conclude that 1) LV function in intact, conscious dogs with early hypertension is enhanced, and 2) the major mechanism for the increase in LV function involves the sympathetic nervous system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)24/6
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume255
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 1988
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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