Oligomannosidic glycans play important roles in nervous system development and function. By performing a phage display screening with oligomannose-specific antibodies, we identified an oligomannose-mimicking peptide that was functionally active in modulating neurite outgrowth and neuron-astrocyte adhesion. Using the oligomannose-mimicking peptide in crosslinking experiments, synapsin I was identified as a novel oligomannose-binding protein inmousebrain. Further analyses not only verified that synapsin I is an oligomannose-binding lectin, but also indicated that it is a glycoprotein carrying oligomannose and Lewisx. We also found that synapsin I is expressed in glia-enriched cultures and is released from glial cells via exosomes. Incubation of glial-derived exosomes in the presence of high KCl concentrations or subjecting glial cell cultures to either oxygen/glucose deprivation or hydrogen peroxide resulted in release of synapsin I from exosomes. Application of synapsin I promoted neurite outgrowth from hippocampal neurons and increased survival of cortical neurons upon hydrogen peroxide treatment or oxygen/glucose deprivation. Coculture experiments using wild-type hippocampal neurons and wild-type or synapsin-deficient glial cells showed enhanced neurite outgrowth when synapsin was expressed by glial cells. Synapsin-induced neurite outgrowth was dependent on oligomannose on synapsin I and the neural cell adhesion molecule NCAM at the neuronal cell surface. The data indicate that, under conditions of high neuronal activity and/or oxidative stress, synapsin can be released from glial-derived exosomes and promotes neurite outgrowth and neuronal survival by modulating the interactions between glia and neurons.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes