Synsedimentary collapse of portions of the lower Blomidon Formation (late Triassic), Fundy rift basin, Nova Scotia

R. V. Ackermann, R. W. Schlische, P. E. Olsen

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15 Scopus citations

Abstract

A chaotic mudstone unit within the lower Blomidon Formation (late Triassic) has been traced for 35 km in the Mesozoic Fundy rift basin of Nova Scotia. This unit is characterized by highly disrupted bedding that is commonly cut by small domino-style synsedimentary normal faults, downward movement of material, geopetal structures, variable thickness, and an irregular, partially faulted contact with the overlying unit. The chaotic unit is locally overlain by a fluvial sandstone, which is overlain conformably by mudstone. Stratigraphic relations suggest buried interstratal karst, the subsurface dissolution of evaporites bounded by insoluble sediments. It is inferred that the chaotic unit was formed by subsidence and collapse resulting from the dissolution of an evaporite bed or evaporite-rich unit by groundwater, producing dewatering and synsedimentary deformation structures in the overlying sandstone unit, which infilled surface depressions resulting from collapse. -from Authors

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1965-1976
Number of pages12
JournalCanadian Journal of Earth Sciences
Volume32
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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