Synthesis, structure, and physical properties of la3-xmxni2o7-δ (m = ca2+, sr2+, ba2+; 0 < x ≤ 0.075)

Z. Zhang, M. Greenblatt

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Abstract

The synthesis, structure, and physical properties of La3-xMxNi2O7-δ, with M = Ca2+, Sr2+, or Ba2+, and 0 < x ≤ 0.075, were investigated. These compounds were prepared by a precursor method with tetramethyl ammonium hydroxide and were characterized by room temperature and high-temperature powder X-ray diffraction, TGA, electrical resistivity, and magnetic susceptibility measurements. The substituted compounds form with orthorhombic symmetry in space group Fmmm, similar to the as-prepared parent compound, La3Ni2O6.92. As the amount of divalent alkaline earth metal substitution increases, the c cell parameter does not significantly change for Ca and increases significantly for Sr and Ba substitution, while the a and b cell parameters remain nearly unchanged for all cases. The observed trend in the c parameter is due to the increasing Ni3+ ion concentration for the case of Ca2+ substitution, while for Sr2+ and Ba2+ substitutions the effective larger size of the divalent cations is dominant. Significant oxygen deficiencies are noted in all of the as-prepared samples. However, upon high-pressure oxygen annealing, stoichiometric oxygen contents can be achieved. The room temperature resistivity of the as-prepared substituted compounds decreases relative to La3Ni2O6.92, and at x = 0.075 a semiconductor to metal transition is observed for all M. The high-pressure oxygen annealed samples for all compositions show metallic behavior from room temperature down to 20 K. The magnetic susceptibility is nearly temperature independent in the temperature range 100-300 K, and paramagnetic behavior is observed below 100 K.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)141-146
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Solid State Chemistry
Volume111
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1994

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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