Systematic review of the design, implementation and effectiveness of mass media and nutrition education interventions for infant and young child feeding

Matthew M. Graziose, Shauna M. Downs, Quentin O'Brien, Jessica Fanzo

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective To systematically review the design, implementation and effectiveness of mass media and nutrition education interventions for improving infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices and related psychosocial factors. Design A search of PubMed, Embase and PsycINFO databases, a Google search, and a consultation with experts in the field of IYCF performed in July 2016. Setting Low- and middle-income countries, as defined by the World Bank Group. Subjects Eligible studies: included a mass media component (with or without nutrition education); conducted a pre-post evaluation (with or without a control group); assessed IYCF knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and/or practices; and were published in English between 2000 and present. Results Eighteen unique studies were identified that examined the effect of mass media (types included: television; print; voice and/or SMS (text) messages; radio; megaphones/loudspeakers; videos; social media; songs/dramas) and nutrition education interventions on IYCF practices within thirteen countries. Of these, fifteen studies reported improvements in breast- and/or complementary feeding practices, using indicators recommended by the WHO, and six studies reported improvements in related psychosocial factors. However, little detail was provided on the use of formative research, a formal behaviour change theory and behaviour change techniques. Few studies reported both dose delivered and participants' exposure to the intervention. Conclusions Despite evidence of effectiveness, few common elements in the design of interventions were identified. Future research should consistently report these details to open the 'black box' of IYCF interventions, identify effective design components and ensure replicability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)273-287
Number of pages15
JournalPublic Health Nutrition
Volume21
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Keywords

  • Behavioural theory
  • Breast-feeding
  • Infant and young child feeding
  • Low- and middle-income countries
  • Mass media
  • Nutrition education

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