Temporomandibular joint osteoarthritis: Diagnosis and long-term Conservative management: A topic review

Mythili Kalladka, Samuel Quek, Gary Heir, Eli Eliav, Muralidhar Mupparapu, Archana Viswanath

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

68 Scopus citations

Abstract

Degenerative joint disease (DJD), a common osteoarthritic problem encountered in clinical practice presents as a chronic debilitating disease resulting in altered joint structure due to degradation and loss of articular cartilage, along with changes in the subchondral bone and other soft tissues. DJD is a frequent finding in the Temporomandibular joints (TMJs). Consequently, a good understanding of the use of a diagnostic algorithm will lead to a better control of DJD in the TMJ. The etiopathogenesis of osteoarthritis is complex, and it is associated with multiple risk factors. The condition progresses slowly through different phases with periods of remission and activity finally reaching the burnout phase. Conservative management forms the cornerstone for the treatment of most of these cases. This review attempts to acquaint the dentist with the diagnosis, pathogenesis and general characteristics of the disease while highlighting and updating them with the current conservative treatment algorithms in order to assist in the formulation of a treatment plan for these patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6-15
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Indian Prosthodontist Society
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oral Surgery
  • Dentistry(all)

Keywords

  • Conservative management
  • Degenerative joint disease
  • Temporomandibular joint osteoarthritis

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