TGF-β3 increases gap-junctional communication among folliculostellate cells to release bFGF

Nurul Kabir, Kirti Chaturvedi, Sheng Liu Lian, Dipak K. Sarkar

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Folliculostellate (FS) cells are known to communicate with each other and with endocrine cells via gap-junctions in the anterior pituitary. We investigated whether transforming growth factor beta 3 (TGF-β3) and estradiol, known to regulate FS cell production and secretion of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), increases gap-junctional communication to alter bFGF secretion from FS cells. FS cells in monolayer cultures were treated with TGF-β3 or vehicle alone for 24 h and then microinjected with Lucifer Yellow and high molecular weight Texas Red dextran. Ten minutes later the transfer of dye among adjacent cells was recorded with a digital microscope. TGF-β3 increased the transfer of dye. The TGF-β3 neutralizing antibody and the gap-junction inhibitor octanol reduced the effect of TGF-β3 on the transfer of dye. The TGF-β3-induced transfer of dye was unaltered by simultaneous treatment with estradiol. The steroid alone also had no effect. TGF-β3 increased total and phosphorylated levels of connexin 43 (Cx43). Estradiol treatment did not produce any significant changes on basal or TGF-β3-induced increases in Cx43 levels. The gap-junction inhibitor octanol reduced TGF-β3-increased levels of bFGF in FS cells. Taken together, these results suggest that TGF-β3 may act on FS cells to increase gap-junctional communication to maximize its effect on bFGF secretion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4054-4060
Number of pages7
JournalEndocrinology
Volume146
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2005

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Endocrinology

Keywords

  • BFGF
  • Connexin 43
  • Dye transfer
  • FS cell
  • Gap junction
  • TGF-β3

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