The active sites of cytochromes P450 IA1, IIB1, IIB2, and IIE1. Topological analysis by in situ rearrangement of phenyl-iron complexes

B. A. Swanson, D. R. Dutton, J. M. Lunetta, C. S. Yang, P. R. Ortiz de Montellano

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Abstract

The reactions of cytochromes P450 IA1, IIB1, IIB2, and IIE1 with phenyldiazene yield complexes with absorption maxima at either 474 or 480 nm. Anaerobic extraction of the prosthetic group from the phenyldiazene-treated proteins followed by its exposure to oxygen and strong acid produces an equal mixture of the four possible N-phenylprotoporphyrin IX regioisomers. Exposure of the anaerobically extracted heme complexes to oxygen in the absence of strong acid results in their decomposition to heme and products other than N-phenylprotoporphyrin IX. These results show that the 474/480 nm absorption maxima are due to σ phenyl-iron complexes. Treatment of the intact hepatic cytochrome P450 complexes with K3Fe(CN)6 results in disappearance of the 474/480 nm band. Extraction of the prosthetic group then yields only the two N-phenylprotoporphyrin IX regioisomers with the N-phenyl group on pyrrole rings A and D. The same regioisomer pattern is obtained if the cytochrome P450IA1 phenyl-iron complex is simply warmed to 37°C, but this thermal rearrangement occurs much less readily, if at all, with the complexes of the other isozymes. The regioisomers with the N-phenyl on pyrole rings A and D are obtained in a 2:1 ratio with isozyme IA1, 1:1 with IIB2, 1:1.7 with IIB1, and 1:2 with IIE1. These results establish that the active sites of these cytochrome P450 isozymes have a common architecture despite their gross differences in substrate specificity. In this architecture, the region directly above pyrrole rings A and D is relatively open whereas that above pyrrole rings B and C is occluded by protein residues.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)19258-19264
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume266
Issue number29
StatePublished - 1991

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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