The anti-nociceptive effects of Porphyromonas gingivalis lipopolysaccharide

Junad Khan, Bollama Puchimada, Daniel Kadouri, Tali Zusman, Fawad Javed, Eli Eliav

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the effect of Porphyromonas gingivalis lipopolysaccharide (PG LPS) on acute pain-related behaviour induced in rats and to measure its impact on the levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-1β, IL-6) and anti-inflammatory (IL-10) cytokines. Design: The Brennan model was used to induce acute pain like signs in rats' hind paw. Twenty-four hours following the surgery the rats were divided into 5 groups and the affected paws were injected with 0.2 m l of one of three commercialized forms PG LPS doses (high - 1 mg/ml, medium - 0.6 mg/m l and low - 0.2 mg/m l), diclofenac sodium (1 mg/kg) or saline. Tactile allodynia, mechanical hyperalgesia, body temperature and paw swelling were assessed at baseline, 24 h postoperatively and 2 h after the paw injection. The affected and contra-lateral paw tissue was assessed for the mentioned above cytokines levels employing enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results: This study may suggest that PG LPS can reduce pain like behaviour via increased levels of anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 (5900 ± 748, p < 0.05). The high PG LPS dose and diclofenac reduced the tactile allodynia and mechanical hyperalgesia significantly (42.2 ± 4 and1.6 ± 0.3, p < 0.05). PG LPS high dose increase IL-10 levels while diclofenac reduces IL-1β levels significantly (5900 ± 748 and 1760 ± 271.2). The LPS administration had no effect on paw swelling and did not increase rat's body temperature. Conclusion: The results demonstrated that PG LPS local application could possess anti- nociceptive properties, which at least in part is mediated by an increase in IL-10 levels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)193-198
Number of pages6
JournalArchives of Oral Biology
Volume102
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Dentistry(all)
  • Cell Biology

Keywords

  • Cytokine
  • Inflammation
  • Pain
  • Virulence

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