The band mutation in Neurospora crassa is a dominant allele of ras-1 implicating RAS signaling in circadian output

William J. Belden, Luis F. Larrondo, Allan C. Froehlich, Mi Shi, Chen Hui Chen, Jennifer J. Loros, Jay C. Dunlap

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

113 Scopus citations


band, an allele enabling clear visualization of circadianly regulated spore formation (conidial banding), has remained an integral tool in the study of circadian rhythms for 40 years. bd was mapped using single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), cloned, and determined to be a T79I point mutation in ras-1. Alterations in light-regulated gene expression in the ras-1bd mutant suggests that the Neurospora photoreceptor WHITE COLLAR-1 is a target of RAS signaling, and increases in transcription of both wc-1 and fluffy show that regulators of conidiation are elevated in ras-1bd. Comparison of ras-1bd with dominant active and dominant-negative ras-1 mutants and biochemical assays of RAS function indicate that RAS-1bd displays a modest enhancement of GDP/GTP exchange and no change in GTPase activity. Because the circadian clock in ras-1bd appears to be normal, ras-1 bd apparently acts to amplify a subtle endogenous clock output signal under standard assay conditions. Reactive oxygen species (ROS), which can affect and be affected by RAS signaling, increase conidiation, suggesting a link between generation of ROS and RAS-1 signaling; surprisingly, however, ROS levels are not elevated in ras-1bd. The data suggest that interconnected RAS- and ROS-responsive signaling pathways regulate the amplitude of circadian- and light-regulated gene expression in Neurospora.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1494-1505
Number of pages12
JournalGenes and Development
Issue number12
StatePublished - Jun 15 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Genetics
  • Developmental Biology


  • Band
  • Circadian
  • Output
  • ROS
  • ras-1

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