A natural Riemannian geometry is defined on the state space of a finite quantum system by means of the Bogoliubov scalar product which is infinitesimally induced by the (nonsymmetric) relative entropy functional. The basic geometrical quantities, including sectional curvatures, are computed for a two-level quantum system. It is found that the real density matrices form a totally geodesic submanifold and the von Neumann entropy is a monotone function of the scalar curvature. Furthermore, we establish information inequalities extending the Cramér-Rao inequality of classical statistics. These are based on a very general new form of the logarithmic derivative.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Mathematical Physics
- Mathematics Subject Classification (1991): 82B10