The distribution of benefits from Bt cotton adoption in South Africa

Marnus Gouse, Carl Pray, David Schimmelpfennig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Scopus citations


Technology adoption can create income benefits for large and small-scale producers, input suppliers and consumers in developing countries. The circumstances under which this income creation can take place are shown to depend on a wide range of factors applicable across dualistic agricultural practices in South Africa. Whether for large commercial farms or small-scale agriculture, four factors influence the creation of surplus. World prices, subsidies in developed countries, domestic market structure, and the presence of substitute import markets each play a role in the distribution of rents from Bt cotton, an appropriate technology for South African farmers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)187-194
Number of pages8
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Food Science
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Economics and Econometrics


  • Genetically modified
  • Peasant farmers
  • Welfare benefits


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