The diverse effects of currency crises on multinational and local firms: The use of foreign currency debt

Jing Jin, Rose C. Liao, Gilberto Loureiro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Using a large sample of 1017 multinational parents with 13,758 affiliates and 3588 local firms in 26 countries, we examine the impact of currency crises on multinational firms and local firms between 2006 and 2014. We find that multinational affiliates use their internal capital markets to capitalize on the benefits of large currency depreciations and increase sales and investment significantly more than local firms. We trace this differential response to the use of foreign currency debt. We find that local firms without foreign currency debt are less affected by currency depreciations. In addition, multinational affiliates whose parent firms are also affected by a currency crisis in their home country experience a larger decrease in sales and investment. Our results are not driven by the global financial crisis years.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number100706
JournalJournal of Multinational Financial Management
Volume62
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Finance
  • Economics and Econometrics

Keywords

  • Currency crisis
  • Foreign debt
  • Multinational firms

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