The dual origin of stellar halos. II. Chemical abundances as tracers of formation history

Adi Zolotov, Beth Willman, Alyson M. Brooks, Fabio Governato, David W. Hogg, Sijing Shen, James Wadsley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

91 Scopus citations

Abstract

Fully cosmological, high-resolution N-body+smooth particle hydrodynamic simulations are used to investigate the chemical abundance trends of stars in simulated stellar halos as a function of their origin. These simulations employ a physically motivated supernova feedback recipe, as well as metal enrichment, metal cooling, and metal diffusion. As presented in an earlier paper, the simulated galaxies in this study are surrounded by stellar halos whose inner regions contain both stars accreted from satellite galaxies and stars formed in situ in the central regions of the main galaxies and later displaced by mergers into their inner halos. The abundance patterns ([Fe/H] and [O/Fe]) of halo stars located within 10 kpc of a solar-like observer are analyzed. We find that for galaxies which have not experienced a recent major merger, in situ stars at the high [Fe/H] end of the metallicity distribution function are more [α/Fe]-rich than accreted stars at similar [Fe/H]. This dichotomy in the [O/Fe] of halo stars at a given [Fe/H] results from the different potential wells within which in situ and accreted halo stars form. These results qualitatively match recent observations of local Milky Way halo stars. It may thus be possible for observers to uncover the relative contribution of different physical processes to the formation of stellar halos by observing such trends in the halo populations of the Milky Way and other local L* galaxies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)738-743
Number of pages6
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume721
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 20 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Keywords

  • Galaxy: abundances
  • Galaxy: formation
  • Galaxy: halo
  • Methods: numerical

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