The effect of challenge and threat appraisals under evaluative presence

Joshua M. Feinberg, John R. Aiello

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Four studies were conducted to examine whether cognitive appraisals, manipulated through task instructions, would moderate social-facilitation effects. In Study 1, participants in the challenge condition performed better on a mental arithmetic task when the experimenter was present. Conversely, participants in the threat condition performed worse when the experimenter was present. Study 2 extended these findings across 2 math tasks that varied in degree of difficulty. The pattern of performance data failed to support prior drive theories and provided support for a unique contribution of cognitive appraisals in explaining social-facilitation effects. Study 3 validated the appraisal manipulations by using multiple measures of cognitive appraisals. Finally, Study 4 offered increased validity by replicating the performance data using an anagram task.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2071-2104
Number of pages34
JournalJournal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume40
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2010

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Social Facilitation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology

Cite this

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The effect of challenge and threat appraisals under evaluative presence. / Feinberg, Joshua M.; Aiello, John R.

In: Journal of Applied Social Psychology, Vol. 40, No. 8, 01.08.2010, p. 2071-2104.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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