The effect of enalapril on mortal and morbid events in fatients with hypertension and left ventricular dysfunction

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The objective of this study was to examine the effect of enalapril on morbid and mortal events in patients with left ventricular dysfunction and hypertension using a retrospective analysis of patients with systolic left ventricular dysfunction (ejection fraction ≦ 0.35) who participated in the Studies of Left Ventricular Dysfunction (SOLVD). Among the 6797 patients who were randomized to enalapril or placebo, 2652 had history of hypertension 1508 had systolic blood pressure (SBP) ≦ 140 mm Hg, and 985 had diastolic blood pressure (DBP) ≦ 90 mm Hg. During average follow-up of 40 months, the rate of hospitalization for congestive heart failure was lower in the enalapril group than the placebo group among patients with history of hypertension (20.6% v 28.3%, P <.001, relative risk [RR] 0.664), and among those with elevated DBP (16.5% v 26.0%, P <.001, RR = 0.574), or SBP (19.5% v 27.7%, P <.001, RR = 0.647) at baseline. These risk ratios were similar to those observed in patients without history of hypertension (RR = 0.647). Also, the decreased rates of mortality, myocardial infarction, stroke, and unstable angina observed in SOLVD were seen, with similar relative risks, in patients with (RR = 0.927, 0.836, 0.979, 0.900, respectively) and without (RR = 0.866, 0.729, 0.775 and 0.743) history of hypertension as well in those with elevated SBP (RR = 0.841, 0.806, 0.707, 0.867) or DBP (RR = 0.791, 0.889, 0.755, 0.872) at baseline. This retrospective subset analysis of SOLVD indicates that angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors are beneficial in patients with hypertension and left ventricular dysfunction and is compatible with the hypothesis that they should be used as first-line antihypertensive agents. Am J Hypertens 1995;8:909—914.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)909-914
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican journal of hypertension
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1995

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Internal Medicine


  • Enalapril
  • Hypertension
  • Left ventricular dysfunction
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Studies of Left Ventricular Dysfunction (SOLVD)


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