The effectiveness of seat belt legislation in reducing driver-involved injury rages in Maryland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study makes use of econometric models to evaluate the effect of the Maryland seat belt law (SBL) on various driver-involved injury rates. Models are developed for various types of injuries using a large data set from the US Department of Transportation's State Traffic Accident Files. Models are normalized for vehicle damage levels and account for the general impact of the SBL in Maryland as well as its dynamic effects. The models also account for seasonal factors, unemployment rates, companion effects and other relevant factors. The analysis is conducted for single vehicle accidents, multiple vehicle accidents, as well as their combination. The results indicate that the effectiveness of Maryland's SBL vary depending on the type of injury rates examined.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)297-310
Number of pages14
JournalTransportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review
Volume37
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001

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driver
legislation
Law
Accidents
accident
Highway accidents
unemployment rate
traffic accident
econometrics
damages
Legislation
Seat
Factors
Econometric models
Unemployment rate
Traffic accidents
Damage
Dynamic effects

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Business and International Management
  • Transportation
  • Management Science and Operations Research

Cite this

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abstract = "This study makes use of econometric models to evaluate the effect of the Maryland seat belt law (SBL) on various driver-involved injury rates. Models are developed for various types of injuries using a large data set from the US Department of Transportation's State Traffic Accident Files. Models are normalized for vehicle damage levels and account for the general impact of the SBL in Maryland as well as its dynamic effects. The models also account for seasonal factors, unemployment rates, companion effects and other relevant factors. The analysis is conducted for single vehicle accidents, multiple vehicle accidents, as well as their combination. The results indicate that the effectiveness of Maryland's SBL vary depending on the type of injury rates examined.",
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