The ENIGMA sports injury working group:– an international collaboration to further our understanding of sport-related brain injury

Inga K. Koerte, Carrie Esopenko, Sidney R. Hinds, Martha E. Shenton, Elena M. Bonke, Jeffrey J. Bazarian, Kevin C. Bickart, Erin D. Bigler, Sylvain Bouix, Thomas A. Buckley, Meeryo C. Choe, Paul S. Echlin, Jessica Gill, Christopher C. Giza, Jasmeet Hayes, Cooper B. Hodges, Andrei Irimia, Paula K. Johnson, Kimbra Kenney, Harvey S. LevinAlexander P. Lin, Hannah M. Lindsey, Michael L. Lipton, Jeffrey E. Max, Andrew R. Mayer, Timothy B. Meier, Kian Merchant-Borna, Tricia L. Merkley, Brian D. Mills, Mary R. Newsome, Tara Porfido, Jaclyn A. Stephens, Maria Carmela Tartaglia, Ashley L. Ware, Ross D. Zafonte, Michael M. Zeineh, Paul M. Thompson, David F. Tate, Emily L. Dennis, Elisabeth A. Wilde, David Baron

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Sport-related brain injury is very common, and the potential long-term effects include a wide range of neurological and psychiatric symptoms, and potentially neurodegeneration. Around the globe, researchers are conducting neuroimaging studies on primarily homogenous samples of athletes. However, neuroimaging studies are expensive and time consuming, and thus current findings from studies of sport-related brain injury are often limited by small sample sizes. Further, current studies apply a variety of neuroimaging techniques and analysis tools which limit comparability among studies. The ENIGMA Sports Injury working group aims to provide a platform for data sharing and collaborative data analysis thereby leveraging existing data and expertise. By harmonizing data from a large number of studies from around the globe, we will work towards reproducibility of previously published findings and towards addressing important research questions with regard to diagnosis, prognosis, and efficacy of treatment for sport-related brain injury. Moreover, the ENIGMA Sports Injury working group is committed to providing recommendations for future prospective data acquisition to enhance data quality and scientific rigor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)576-584
Number of pages9
JournalBrain Imaging and Behavior
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Neurology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Behavioral Neuroscience


  • Concussion
  • Repetitive head impacts
  • Sport-related brain injury


Dive into the research topics of 'The ENIGMA sports injury working group:– an international collaboration to further our understanding of sport-related brain injury'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this