We describe the genotypic and phenotypic characteristics of a mono-rifampin-resistant (RIFR) Mycobacterium tuberculosis strain cluster (designated AU-RIFR) and the acquisition of additional drug resistance. Drug susceptibility, sequences of regions that determine drug resistance, and basic clinical data were examined. A rare codon duplication (514TTC) in rpoB conferring high levels of RIFR (minimum inhibitory concentration of >256 μg/mL) in 29 isolates was identified. AU-RIFR strains developed secondary resistance to isoniazid and 7 resistance combinations to 6 different antibiotics. Patients infected with AU-RIFR strains were primarily immunocompromised. These data suggest that host factors, such as HIV status, may allow dissemination of mono-RIF R strains and facilitate the accumulation of additional drug resistance.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy
- Infectious Diseases