The formation and chronology of the PAT 91501 impact-melt L chondrite with vesicle-metal-sulfide assemblages

G. K. Benedix, R. A. Ketcham, L. Wilson, T. J. McCoy, D. D. Bogard, D. H. Garrison, G. F. Herzog, S. Xue, J. Klein, R. Middleton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


The L chondrite Patuxent Range (PAT) 91501 is an 8.5-kg unshocked, homogeneous, igneous-textured impact melt that cooled slowly compared to other meteoritic impact melts in a crater floor melt sheet or sub-crater dike [Mittlefehldt D. W. and Lindstrom M. M. (2001) Petrology and geochemistry of Patuxent Range 91501 and Lewis Cliff 88663. Meteoritics Planet. Sci. 36, 439-457]. We conducted mineralogical and tomographic studies of previously unstudied mm- to cm-sized metal-sulfide-vesicle assemblages and chronologic studies of the silicate host. Metal-sulfide clasts constitute about 1 vol.%, comprise zoned taenite, troilite, and pentlandite, and exhibit a consistent orientation between metal and sulfide and of metal-sulfide contacts. Vesicles make up ∼2 vol.% and exhibit a similar orientation of long axes. 39Ar-40Ar measurements probably date the time of impact at 4.461 ± 0.008 Gyr B.P. Cosmogenic noble gases and 10Be and 26Al activities suggest a pre-atmospheric radius of 40-60 cm and a cosmic ray exposure age of 25-29 Myr, similar to ages of a cluster of L chondrites. PAT 91501 dates the oldest known impact on the L chondrite parent body. The dominant vesicle-forming gas was S2 (∼15-20 ppm), which formed in equilibrium with impact-melted sulfides. The meteorite formed in an impact melt dike beneath a crater, as did other impact melted L chondrites, such as Chico. Cooling and solidification occurred over ∼2 h. During this time, ∼90% of metal and sulfide segregated from the local melt. Remaining metal and sulfide grains oriented themselves in the local gravitational field, a feature nearly unique among meteorites. Many of these metal-sulfide grains adhered to vesicles to form aggregates that may have been close to neutrally buoyant. These aggregates would have been carried upward with the residual melt, inhibiting further buoyancy-driven segregation. Although similar processes operated individually in other chondritic impact melts, their interaction produced the unique assemblage observed in PAT 91501.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2417-2428
Number of pages12
JournalGeochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
Issue number9
StatePublished - May 1 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geochemistry and Petrology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'The formation and chronology of the PAT 91501 impact-melt L chondrite with vesicle-metal-sulfide assemblages'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this