This cross-sectional study investigated the effect of early highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) on human immunodeficiency virus (HTV) type 1-specific CD8 T cell responses in children. HIV-1-specific CD8 T cell responses were quantified using an enzyme-linked immunospot assay to measure interferon-γ-secreting cells. HIV-1-infected children were classifted by time of HAART initiation prior to age 1 year or after age 2 years as early (n = 24) or late (n = 28) treated. The magnitude and breadth of the HIV-1- specific CD8 T cell response was significantly lower in children receiving early compared with late HAART treatment (P = .0007 and .0001, respectively). However, total CD8 T cell responses in the early HAART treatment group did not differ significantly from those of age-matched non-HAART-treated controls (n = 30). Thus, the reduced magnitude and breadth of the HIV-1-specific CD8 T cell response in early HAART-treated children is due to their younger age.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy
- Infectious Diseases