The impact of homelessness on recent sex trade among pregnant women in drug treatment

Qiana L. Brown, Courtenay E. Cavanaugh, Typhanye V. Penniman, William W. Latimer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study is a secondary data analysis aimed to examine the influence of recent homelessness on recent sex trade among pregnant women in drug treatment after controlling for psychiatric comorbidity, age, education and race. Eighty-one pregnant women from a drug treatment programme in Baltimore, Maryland, attended an in-person interview and completed the Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders-IV for Axis I disorders, the HIV Risk Behaviour Interview and demographic questionnaires, which assessed psychiatric symptoms, recent homelessness and sexual risk behaviour, respectively. Women who experienced recent homelessness had a 4.74 greater odds of having recently traded sex than women who had not been recently homeless, suggesting that homelessness uniquely influences sex trade beyond psychiatric status, which was also a significant correlate of recent sex trade. Addressing both homelessness and psychiatric problems may effectively reduce sex trade and risk for infectious diseases, which could adversely impact maternal and child health outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)287-293
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Substance Use
Volume17
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Health(social science)

Keywords

  • Drug dependence
  • HIV
  • Mental health
  • Sexual behaviour
  • Women

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