The induction and competitive inhibition of a high affinity microsomal nitrosodimethylamine demethylase by ethanol

Renxiu Ping, Yityoong Yong Tu, Chung S. Yang

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Abstract

The effects of ethanol on the metabolism of nitrosamines by rat liver microsomes have been studied. Treatment of rats with 10 or 15% ethanol in drinking water for 3 days causes a 4- to 5-fold enhancement in microsomal N-nitrosodimethylamine demethylase (NDMAd) activity and a 40-60% increase in gross P-450 content. The enhancement is mainly due to the induction of a low Km form (Km = 0.07 mM) of NDMAd. The treatment induces protein species with molecular weights between 50 000 and 52 000, some of which are believed to be P-450 isozymes with high affinity to NDMA. In addition to NDMA, treatment with ethanol also enhances the metabolism of N-nitroso-N-methylethylamine, N-nitrosomethylamline, and N-nitroso-N-methylbenzylamine. When added to the incubation mixture, ethanol and its homologs inhibit the demethylation of these nitrosamines by microsomes. Ethanol is a competitive inhibitor of the low Km NDMAd with a Ki of 0.31 mM and is less effective in inhibiting the metabolism of more lipophilic nitrosamines.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1457-1461
Number of pages5
JournalCarcinogenesis
Volume3
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 1982

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cancer Research

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