The influence of symptoms on quality of life among HIV-infected women

Angela Hudson, Kenn Kirksey, William Holzemer

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations


Symptoms serve as intervention foci for patients and health care providers. Research has established a relationship between symptoms and quality of life for persons living with HIV/AIDS. This article reports symptom prevalence and intensity data that include gynecological and cognitive symptoms self-reported by HIV-infected women (N = 118). Using a cross-sectional, descriptive design, data were obtained using the Center for Epidemiological Studies - Depression Scale (CES-D), Medical Outcomes Study Short Form-36 (MOS SF-36), and the revised Sign and Symptom Check-List for Persons Living with HIV/AIDS (SSC-HIV). Prevalent symptoms were depression (83%), muscle aches (84%), weakness (80%), and painful joints (71%). Symptoms with the highest mean intensity, however, were headaches, rash, insomnia, vaginal itching, and shortness of breath at rest. Symptoms also significantly predicted role functioning. This study contributes to our understanding the nature of symptoms and the influence of symptoms on role and physical functioning among HIV-infected women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9-23
Number of pages15
JournalWestern Journal of Nursing Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2004
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nursing(all)


  • Depression
  • Gynecologic symptoms
  • HIV/AIDS in women
  • Physical functioning
  • Quality of life
  • Role functioning
  • Symptoms


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