The influence of thermal confinement and temperature-dependent absorption on resonant infrared ablation of frozen aqueous and alcohol targets

Daniel-Dennis Bubb, Stephen L. Johnson, Richard F. Haglund

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The mechanism of matrix-assisted resonant infrared laser ablation of frozen aqueous and methanol solutions of polymer was investigated by performing plume shadowgraphy and ablation yield measurements. A picosecond, tunable free-electron laser was tuned to two wavelengths in the target matrices, one (2940 nm) that was resonant with the -OH stretch in both water and methanol, and the other (3450 nm) that is resonant with the -CH stretch in methanol. The plume images showed gross similarities, differing only in the time required for the shockwave to appear and in the velocity of the shock front. Typically, 15-25 μs after the ablation laser pulse arrives the primary material ejection commences and lasts for hundreds of μs. In all three cases, the ablation plume appears to consist entirely of vapor with no droplets or solid particles. The ablation yield is either linear or quadratic in fluence. This dependence can be understood if we consider thermal diffusion in the targets and the temperature dependence of the absorption coefficient.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2009 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics and 2009 Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference, CLEO/QELS 2009
StatePublished - Nov 16 2009
Event2009 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics and 2009 Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference, CLEO/QELS 2009 - Baltimore, MD, United States
Duration: Jun 2 2009Jun 4 2009

Publication series

Name2009 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics and 2009 Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference, CLEO/QELS 2009

Other

Other2009 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics and 2009 Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference, CLEO/QELS 2009
CountryUnited States
CityBaltimore, MD
Period6/2/096/4/09

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

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    Bubb, D-D., Johnson, S. L., & Haglund, R. F. (2009). The influence of thermal confinement and temperature-dependent absorption on resonant infrared ablation of frozen aqueous and alcohol targets. In 2009 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics and 2009 Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference, CLEO/QELS 2009 [5226065] (2009 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics and 2009 Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference, CLEO/QELS 2009).