The Ontological Argument

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Abstract

The term "ontological argument" was Kant's name for one member of a family of arguments that began with Anselm of Canterbury. These arguments all try to prove God's existence a priori, via reasoning about the entailments of a particular description of God. The description almost always involves God's greatness or perfection. Where it does not, the argument has a premise justified by God's greatness or perfection. So these arguments might better be called arguments from perfection. This article deals with the main arguments from perfection and criticisms thereof in historical order. It first explicates Anselm's key phrase "something than which no greater can be thought" and then takes up his reasoning, then the question of whether its premises are true.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Religion
PublisherOxford University Press
ISBN (Electronic)9780199892099
ISBN (Print)0195138090, 9780195331356
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 21 2007
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Arts and Humanities

Keywords

  • Anselm of canterbury
  • God's existence
  • God's greatness
  • Kant
  • Ontological argument
  • Reasoning

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