The Ontological Argument

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13 Scopus citations


This chapter presents and critically discusses the main historical variants of the "ontological argument," a form of a priori argument for the existence of God pioneered by Anselm of Canterbury. I assess the contributions of Anselm, Descartes, Leibniz, and Gödel, and criticisms by Gaunilo, Kant, and Oppy among others.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Religion
PublisherOxford University Press
ISBN (Electronic)9780199835348
ISBN (Print)9780195138092
StatePublished - Apr 20 2005
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Arts and Humanities


  • A priori arguments
  • Anselm
  • Arguments for the existence of god
  • Descartes
  • Existence of god
  • Gaunilo
  • Gödel
  • Kant
  • Leibniz
  • Ontological argument
  • Oppy


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