The origin and meaning of mandaic

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Abstract

The most characteristic figures in the Mandaean religion are the beings known as the eutria. Unlike the supreme being, who remains largely aloof from the material world, the eutria repeatedly intervene in the affairs of mankind to protect the Mandaeans and punish those who threaten them. The origin and precise meaning of this term have been the subject of some debate. The scholarly consensus that has developed over the past fifteen decades, namely that it is cognate with Aramaic 'utrā 'riches' and therefore must mean 'riches', is not justified either by the internal evidence from the Mandaic literature or by the comparative evidence from the other Semitic languages. By comparing its contemporary spoken form with related words in all other branches.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)77-91
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Semitic Studies
Volume62
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cultural Studies
  • Language and Linguistics
  • History
  • Religious studies
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Literature and Literary Theory

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