The phylogenetic relationships and evolution of the Canarian laurel forest endemic Ixanthus viscosus (Aiton) Griseb. (Gentianaceae)

Evidence from matK and ITS sequences, and floral morphology and anatomy

Mike Thiv, Karin Struwe, Joachim W. Kadereit

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

56 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The phylogenetic relationships of the Canarian laurel forest endemic Ixanthus viscosus (Aiton) Griseb. (Gentianaceae) are investigated through a cladistic analysis of sequence variation of parts of the chloroplast gene matK and the ITS region of nuclear ribosomal DNA. The floral anatomical and morphological characteristics of Ixanthus based on paraffin sections and SEM studies are also discussed. In the molecular analyses Ixanthus is part of a clade of mostly temperate Erythraeinae and Chironiinae sensu Gilg, in which it is sister to the mostly Mediterranean annual Blackstonia. This relationship is supported by far-reaching similarities in flower morphology and anatomy, and the shared possession of at least some perfoliate leaves. This finding contradicts most former classifications in which Ixanthus was placed either in subtribe Gentianinae which never included Blackstonia, or in a subtribe of its own which was suggested to connect woody tropical with herbaceous temperate taxa. The phylogenetic relationships found here show that 1) the sister group of Ixanthus is distributed in the Mediterranean area, and that 2) its habit as a basally woody suffrutescent herb is best interpreted as an advanced character state.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)299-317
Number of pages19
JournalPlant Systematics and Evolution
Volume218
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999

Fingerprint

Gentianaceae
anatomy
phylogenetics
phylogeny
cladistics
chloroplast
herb
flower
scanning electron microscopy
plant architecture
DNA
ribosomal DNA
alkanes
gene
herbs
chloroplasts
taxonomy
flowers
leaves
genes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Plant Science

Keywords

  • Blackstonia
  • Canary Islands
  • Floral morphology and anatomy
  • Gentianaceae
  • ITS
  • Ixanthus
  • MatK

Cite this

@article{ec2c59bf4cc34446b0a036f3ad390c40,
title = "The phylogenetic relationships and evolution of the Canarian laurel forest endemic Ixanthus viscosus (Aiton) Griseb. (Gentianaceae): Evidence from matK and ITS sequences, and floral morphology and anatomy",
abstract = "The phylogenetic relationships of the Canarian laurel forest endemic Ixanthus viscosus (Aiton) Griseb. (Gentianaceae) are investigated through a cladistic analysis of sequence variation of parts of the chloroplast gene matK and the ITS region of nuclear ribosomal DNA. The floral anatomical and morphological characteristics of Ixanthus based on paraffin sections and SEM studies are also discussed. In the molecular analyses Ixanthus is part of a clade of mostly temperate Erythraeinae and Chironiinae sensu Gilg, in which it is sister to the mostly Mediterranean annual Blackstonia. This relationship is supported by far-reaching similarities in flower morphology and anatomy, and the shared possession of at least some perfoliate leaves. This finding contradicts most former classifications in which Ixanthus was placed either in subtribe Gentianinae which never included Blackstonia, or in a subtribe of its own which was suggested to connect woody tropical with herbaceous temperate taxa. The phylogenetic relationships found here show that 1) the sister group of Ixanthus is distributed in the Mediterranean area, and that 2) its habit as a basally woody suffrutescent herb is best interpreted as an advanced character state.",
keywords = "Blackstonia, Canary Islands, Floral morphology and anatomy, Gentianaceae, ITS, Ixanthus, MatK",
author = "Mike Thiv and Karin Struwe and Kadereit, {Joachim W.}",
year = "1999",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/BF01089233",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "218",
pages = "299--317",
journal = "Plant Systematics and Evolution",
issn = "0378-2697",
publisher = "Springer Wien",
number = "3-4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The phylogenetic relationships and evolution of the Canarian laurel forest endemic Ixanthus viscosus (Aiton) Griseb. (Gentianaceae)

T2 - Evidence from matK and ITS sequences, and floral morphology and anatomy

AU - Thiv, Mike

AU - Struwe, Karin

AU - Kadereit, Joachim W.

PY - 1999/1/1

Y1 - 1999/1/1

N2 - The phylogenetic relationships of the Canarian laurel forest endemic Ixanthus viscosus (Aiton) Griseb. (Gentianaceae) are investigated through a cladistic analysis of sequence variation of parts of the chloroplast gene matK and the ITS region of nuclear ribosomal DNA. The floral anatomical and morphological characteristics of Ixanthus based on paraffin sections and SEM studies are also discussed. In the molecular analyses Ixanthus is part of a clade of mostly temperate Erythraeinae and Chironiinae sensu Gilg, in which it is sister to the mostly Mediterranean annual Blackstonia. This relationship is supported by far-reaching similarities in flower morphology and anatomy, and the shared possession of at least some perfoliate leaves. This finding contradicts most former classifications in which Ixanthus was placed either in subtribe Gentianinae which never included Blackstonia, or in a subtribe of its own which was suggested to connect woody tropical with herbaceous temperate taxa. The phylogenetic relationships found here show that 1) the sister group of Ixanthus is distributed in the Mediterranean area, and that 2) its habit as a basally woody suffrutescent herb is best interpreted as an advanced character state.

AB - The phylogenetic relationships of the Canarian laurel forest endemic Ixanthus viscosus (Aiton) Griseb. (Gentianaceae) are investigated through a cladistic analysis of sequence variation of parts of the chloroplast gene matK and the ITS region of nuclear ribosomal DNA. The floral anatomical and morphological characteristics of Ixanthus based on paraffin sections and SEM studies are also discussed. In the molecular analyses Ixanthus is part of a clade of mostly temperate Erythraeinae and Chironiinae sensu Gilg, in which it is sister to the mostly Mediterranean annual Blackstonia. This relationship is supported by far-reaching similarities in flower morphology and anatomy, and the shared possession of at least some perfoliate leaves. This finding contradicts most former classifications in which Ixanthus was placed either in subtribe Gentianinae which never included Blackstonia, or in a subtribe of its own which was suggested to connect woody tropical with herbaceous temperate taxa. The phylogenetic relationships found here show that 1) the sister group of Ixanthus is distributed in the Mediterranean area, and that 2) its habit as a basally woody suffrutescent herb is best interpreted as an advanced character state.

KW - Blackstonia

KW - Canary Islands

KW - Floral morphology and anatomy

KW - Gentianaceae

KW - ITS

KW - Ixanthus

KW - MatK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0033404993&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0033404993&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/BF01089233

DO - 10.1007/BF01089233

M3 - Article

VL - 218

SP - 299

EP - 317

JO - Plant Systematics and Evolution

JF - Plant Systematics and Evolution

SN - 0378-2697

IS - 3-4

ER -