The pre-Atlantic Hf isotope evolution of the east Laurentian continental margin: Insights from zircon in basement rocks and glacial tillites from northern New Jersey and southeastern New York

N. Alex Zirakparvar, Jacob Setera, Edmond Mathez, Jill Vantongeren, Ryanna Fossum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper presents laser ablation U–Pb age and Hf isotope data for zircons from basement rocks and glacial deposits in northern New Jersey and southeastern New York. The purpose is to understand the eastern Laurentian continental margin's Hf isotope record in relation to its geologic evolution prior to the opening of the Atlantic Ocean. The basement samples encompass a Meso- to Neoproterozoic continental margin arc, an anatectic magmatic suite, as well as a Late Ordovician alkaline igneous suite emplaced during post-orogenic melting of the lithospheric mantle. Additional samples were collected from terminal moraines of two Quaternary continental ice sheets. Across the entire dataset, zircons with ages corresponding to the timing of continental margin arc magmatism (~ 1.4 Ga to ~ 1.2 Ga) have positive εHf(initial) values that define the more radiogenic end of a crustal evolution array. This array progresses towards more unradiogenic εHf(initial) values along a series of low 176Lu/177Hf (0.022 to 0.005) trajectories during subsequent anatectic magmatism (~ 1.2 Ga to ~ 1.0 Ga) and later metamorphic and metasomatic re-working (~ 1.0 Ga to ~ 0.8 Ga) of the continental margin arc crust. In contrast, nearly chondritic εHf(initial) values from the Late Ordovician alkaline magmas indicate that the Laurentian margin was underlain by a re-fertilized mantle source. Such a source may have developed by subduction enrichment of the mantle wedge beneath the continental margin during the Mesoproterozoic. Additionally, preliminary data from a metasedimentary unit of unknown provenance hints at the possibility that some of the sediments occupying this portion of the Laurentian margin prior to the Ordovician were sourced from crust older than ~ 1.9 Ga.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)69-83
Number of pages15
JournalLithos
Volume272-273
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geology
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

Keywords

  • Crustal evolution
  • Hf isotopes
  • Laurentian margin
  • U–Pb geochronology
  • Zircon

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